January 29, 1943:
The Nazis ordered all Gypsies arrested and sent to the extermination
February 2, 1943:
German 6th Army surrendered at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of
March 14, 1943:
Liquidation of the Crakow ghetto in Poland.
March 22, 1943:
First of four new crematoriums at Auschwitz
ready for use.
April 19, 1943:
Ghetto uprising began as the Nazis attempted to liquidate the
inhabitants. In all, 7,000 Jews are killed while fighting. 30,000
sent to Treblinka.
June 7, 1943:
Dr. Carl Clauberg
reported that 1,000 women a day are sterilized at Auschwitz.
June 11, 1943:
Himmler ordered the liquidation of all Jewish ghettos in Poland.
July 10, 1943:
The Allies landed in Sicily.
The deathcamp Treblinka
dismantled after an estimated 870,000 deaths.
October 1, 1943:
rescued the Danish Jewry, over 7,000 Danish Jews, to safety in
November 3, 1943:
The Nazis carried out Operation Harvest Festival in Poland,
killing over 40,000 Jews.
December 2, 1943:
The first transport of Jews from Vienna arrived at Auschwitz.