What is the Holocaust?
The Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews by the Nazi regime during World War 2. In 1933 approximately nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Germany during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed. The European Jews were the primary victims of the Holocaust. But Jews were not the only group singled out for persecution by Hitlerís Nazi regime. As many as one-half million Gypsies, at least 250,000 mentally or physically disabled persons, and more than three million Soviet prisoners-of-war also fell victim to Nazi genocide. Jehovahís Witnesses, homosexuals, Social Democrats, Communists, partisans, trade unionists, Polish intelligentsia and other undesirables were also victims of the hate and aggression carried out by the Nazis.
How many Jews were murdered during the Holocaust?
While it is impossible to ascertain the exact number of Jewish victims, statistics indicate that the total was over 5,830,000. Six million is the round figure accepted by most authorities.
What is a Jew?
Jews are a diverse religious and cultural group whose origins are
described in the Bible. The term Jewish is not a race in any
sense of the word, since there are no physical characteristics that
can be defined as Jewish. A Jew is any person whose mother
was a Jew or any person who has gone through the formal process of
religious conversion to Judaism
What does Final Solution mean?
The term Final Solution (Die Endlosung) refers to the Germansí plan to physically liquidate all Jews in Europe. The term was used at the Wannsee Conference held in Berlin on January 20, 1942, where German officials discussed its implementation.
How many children were murdered during the Holocaust?
number of children killed during the Holocaust is not fathomable and
full statistics for the tragic fate of children who died will never
be known. Some estimates range as high as 1.5 million murdered
children. This figure includes more than 1.2 million Jewish
children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands of
institutionalized handicapped children who were murdered under Nazi
rule in Germany and occupied Europe.
Who betrayed Anne Frank?
The German journalist, Melissa Muller, presents evidence in her Anne Frank: A Biography, based on police reports and an investigation after the war, implicating the cleaning woman, Lena van Bladeren Hartog, as having leaked information to the Gestapo that there were Jews in a secret annex of Otto Frank's warehouse. Lena van Bladeren Hartog, whose husband worked at the warehouse illegally (having ignored a summons for labor service), died in 1963, a few months before the case was reopened by the Amsterdam police.
Howto find Holocaust survivors?
Holocaust Global Registry is an online database designed to assist anyone searching for Holocaust survivors and to survivors seeking family members. This initiative, which is unprecedented on the Web, was undertaken by JewishGen, an organization very active in the field of Jewish genealogy.
Howdid the world respond to the Holocaust?
world outside Nazi Europe received numerous press reports in the
1930s about the persecution of Jews. By 1942 the governments of the
United States and Great Britain had confirmed reports about the Final
Solution - Germany's intent to kill all the Jews of Europe.
However, influenced by antisemitism and fear of a massive influx of
refugees, neither country modified their refugee politics. No
specific attempts to stop or slow the genocide were made until
mounting pressure eventually forced the United States to undertake
limited rescue efforts in 1944. In Europe, rampant antisemitism
incited citizens of many German-occupied countries to collaborate
with the Nazis in their genocidal policies. There were, however,
individuals and groups in every occupied nation who, at great
personal risk, helped hide those targeted by the Nazis. One nation, Denmark,
saved most of its Jews in a nighttime rescue operation in 1943 in
which Jews were ferried in fishing boats to safety in neutral
Howdid the world know?
Karski was a Polish resistance hero and the man who first told the
world about the horrors of the Holocaust. After a very dangerous
journey he brought his story to the West, briefing political and
religious leaders in London and then in July 1943 met personally
with President Franklin Roosevelt. However, Karski was unable to
convince them to take military action against death camp targets.
President Roosevelt in the US, and even prominent American Jewish
leaders, all listened politely, but all were disinclined to believe Jan
Karski's gruesome narrative of mass murder in the Warsaw Ghetto
and in the extermination camps. Their first priority remained the
defeat of the Third Reich, rather than the rescue of European Jewry.
The slaughter went on.